Pipeline and Hazardous Material Safety Administration regulation 49 CFR Part 199 applies to pipeline operator employees located within the territory of the United States, including those employees located within the limits of the “Outer Continental Shelf. “

The term “outer Continental Shelf” means all submerged lands lying seaward and outside of the area of lands beneath navigable waters as defined in section 1301 of this title, and of which the subsoil and seabed appertain to the United States and are subject to its jurisdiction and control; in the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C. 1331).

  • This part does not apply to any person for whom compliance with this part would violate the domestic laws or policies of another country.
  • This part does not apply to covered functions performed on the following:
    • Master meter systems, as defined in §191.3 of this chapter; or
    • Pipeline systems that transport only petroleum gas or petroleum gas/air mixtures.

PHMSA Employee Category Tested

A person who performs on a pipeline or liquefied natural gas (LNG) facility, including contractors, in the capacity of:
• Operation
• Maintenance
• Construction
• Emergency-response function

PHMSA Substances test for

• Marijuana
• Cocaine
• Opioids (expanded)
• Amphetamine and Methamphetamine
• Phencyclidine – PCP

PHMSA Types of required testing

• Pre-employment drug testing
• Pre-employment alcohol testing (optional)
• Random drug testing
• Post-accident drug testing
• Reasonable cause drug testing
• Follow-up drug testing